Pramoxine Hydrochloride and Hydrocortisone Acetate Aerosol Foam (Epifoam)- Multum

Pramoxine Hydrochloride and Hydrocortisone Acetate Aerosol Foam (Epifoam)- Multum consider, that

Retrospective data recalls exposures occurring sometime in the past and are collected by searching medical records (Luepker, 2005). In addition, medical records are reliable data sources for evaluation of existing conditions (Thomas et al. Retrospective studies rely on medical staff documentation rather than patient interviews.

To minimize the potential for missing data, current study measured confounding variable for all probable relevant variables. All warfarin patients entered into the study were followed up for the duration of the study. To avoid the effect of data losses on validity of the results, missing data was minimized by using prediction of regression statistics.

Moreover, retrospective data can be free from researcher bias. In this study, all patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria Pramoxine Hydrochloride and Hydrocortisone Acetate Aerosol Foam (Epifoam)- Multum screened, and researcher collected the relevant data with no preconceived views of possible findings.

Furthermore, during review of the medical charts, a review was conducted of the notes of cardiology consultants and internal medical physicians, who are required to document the full history, diagnosis, management, recommendations, and preventive care strategies for all patients. Besides that, usage of retrospective medical chart review is cheaper and quicker to complete, while maintaining reliability of information (Thomas et al.

Data collection is reassessed and reviewed by other researchers to reduce research bias. As this observational study was conducted in one hospital only, the study has limitations in scope and generalizability.

Furthermore, due to limited sample size, the study did not involve patients with other ailments (such as pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis) who were also attending warfarin clinic. Randomization of patients was not considered, as this study involved various modalities of treatment across the whole unit, and a matched control unit was not available. There is a significant positive association between the pharmacist-led WMTAC and anticoagulation effect (therapeutic TTR, INR).

The identified findings show that expanded role of pharmacist in PMWT is beneficial to optimize the warfarin therapy. This study also highlights the critical role that pharmacists can actively play to ensure optimal anticoagulation pharmaceutical care in collaboration with other healthcare teams. SA, TK, CN, SS, and LM conceived the concept. SA, YS, CY, TK, CN, SS, and LM wrote the initial draft.

SA, YS, Bayer foundations, CN, YK, RP, and LM Pramoxine Hydrochloride and Hydrocortisone Acetate Aerosol Foam (Epifoam)- Multum the manuscript. All authors contributed toward revising the paper and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

We thank the staff at Cardiology and Pharmacy Department at Selayang Hospital. The authors would like to express their gratitude to Ministry of Higher Education and Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia for financial support for this research. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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